Road safety

According to the Third Global Status Report on Road Safety, Thailand has the second highest road traffic fatality rate in the world. Vulnerable road users including motorcyclists, pedestrians and bicyclists comprise 83% of the fatality. While Thailand is a signatory to Decade of Action for Road Safety and has a national plan in place, the country has seen minimal decrease in road traffic mortalities, from 38.1 per 100 000 population in the Second Global Status Report on Road Safety (2013) to 36.2 in the Third report (2015).

Road Safety

Key issues

  • The responsibility to promote road safety lies with various agencies, resulting in fragmented management and suboptimal coordination. Some of the subcommittees based on the Five Risk Factors have met only sporadically since their inception
  • The national traffic injury data system was fragmented, with too many data sources for different purposes, resulting in questionable reliability of national reports
  • The Third Global Status Report also identified gaps in legislation and enforcement. For example, urban speed is too high at 80 km/h and seatbelt is not compulsory for rear seat passengers in the car
  • Enforcement overall is not high

Focus areas

  • Strengthen road safety management and coordination
  • Improve national traffic data system
  • Improve legislation and enforcement

CCS deliverables

  • Effective coordination and management through reorganization of the Road Safety Directing Centre into a robust government agency capable of leading road safety action in Thailand towards Vision Zero implementation
  • Excellence in road safety data integration with timely analytics supporting evidence based investments in road safety action. The quality of data will be improved to the degree that WHO will not need to estimate the fatality rate for the next Global Report on Road Safety in 2019 and will use data submitted by Thailand.
  • Road safety legislation meets international best practice for all risk factors and improves enforcement leading to improved behaviours, reduction in crashes and reduced fatalities

Impact

Reduced morbidity and mortality from road traffic injuries

Lead agencies

Thai Health Promotion Foundation / Khon Kaen Hospital

WHO will contribute and add value by:

  • Working with the National Road Safety Directing Centre to strengthen its capacity as the national coordinating body for road safety, in addition to catalyzing synergy among key nongovernmental road safety actors to facilitate complementary efforts
  • Supporting the Bureau of Noncommunicable Diseases to improve the national integrated data system developed in the phaseof the CCS, by improving the data integration manuals and training relevant staff responsible for reporting of traffic data, to ensure its implementation at both national and provincial levels
  • Building on the progress made through the support from the Bloomberg Initiative for Global Road Safety, WHO will continue to support improvement of road safety legislation through the Working Group to Review Road Safety Legislation and the Legal Development Programme, which will be complemented by the Journalism Fellowship Programme component.

Publications

  • Download
    Powered two- and three-wheeler safety: A road safety manual for decision-makers and practitioners (English)
  • Download
    Powered two- and three-wheeler safety: A road safety manual for decision-makers and practitioners (Thai)
  • Download
    pdf, 78kb

    Key measures and specific interventions for improved Powered two- and three- wheeler safety (English) & (Thai)
  • Download
    Save Lives: a road safety technical package (English)
  • Download
    Save Lives: a road safety technical package (Thai)

Other publications

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